Tag Archives: SPAC

Third and Fourth James Graf blank check companies file for IPOs

Not to be outdone by Tilman Fertitta, James Graf has also filed initial public offerings for his third and fourth SPAC (also known as a blank check company). The second ($225 million) filed to go public two weeks ago.



Graf Acquisition Corp III will be a $300 million IPO, while Graf Acquisition IV will be a $150 million IPO. All three will have the same management teams and objectives and be based in The Woodlands.

Graf Acquisition Corp I ($244 million IPO Oct 2018) completed its initial business combination with Velodyne Lidar in September 2020 for $1.5 billion.

Mr. Graf has also been involved in several other SPACs

  • Platinum Eagle Acquisition Corp ($325m IPO Jan 2018) – reverse takeover of Houston-based Target Hospitality for $1.3 billion in Mar 2019.
  • Double Eagle Acquisition Corp ($500m IPO Sept 2015) – combined with William Scotsman for $1.1 billion in Nov 2017.
  • Silver Eagle Acquisition Corp ($325m IPO July 2013) – combined with Videocon d2h for $273 million in March 2015.
  • Global Eagle Acquisition Corp ($190m IPO May 2011) – combined with Global Eagle Entertainment in Jan 2013.

S-1 filing Graf Acquisition III

S-1 filing Graf Acquisition IV

Houston blank check company finds acquisition target

Houston blank check company, Peridot Acquisition Corp, has agreed to buy Li-Cycle for $1.1 billion in a reverse takeover. Li-Cycle is a lithium-ion battery recycling company, based in Toronto.



Peridot went public in September 2020 with the aim of finding an acquisition in the environmental infrastructure or renewables sector, so Li-Cycle definitely fits the bill.

Li-Cycle aims to recycle electric vehicles batteries. In addition to end of lifecycle recycling, 5%-10% of battery production is rejected as waste during the manufacturing process. As EV production ramps, Li-Cycle sees a big and growing market. It uses a non-thermal process to recycle the batteries, allowing it to recover 95% of the battery mass.

Li-Cycle is still in a start-up phase. It currently has three locations in North America that shred and mechanically separate batteries. The company is also developing a hub in Rochester, New York that will produce, at scale, lithium carbonate, Nickel Sulphate and other high-grade minerals for resale.

It has signed 40 commercial contracts with suppliers, including over $900 million in contracted off-take.

The deal values Li-Cycle at 10 times 2023 projected EBITDA. At close, the business will have $566 million in cash on hand. That will allow Li-Cycle to fund the capital expenditures required to complete its business plan.

The combined company will be led by Li-Cycle CEO Ajay Kochhar. Fellow co-founder Tim Johnson will be the Executive Chairman. Peridot CEO Alan Levande will join the Board, as will Scott Prochazka, ex-CEO of Centerpoint Energy.

SEC filing – Peridot Li-Cycle acquisition

 

Two more Houston blank check companies file for IPOs

On Friday 12 February, a record 28 blank check companies filed for Initial Public Offerings (IPO), including two old favorites in Houston. Tilman Fertitta filed for his 4th blank check company, Landcadia Holdings IV, while Graf Acquisition Corp filed their 2nd.



In case you are wondering why Friday was so popular it’s because it was the last day a company with a calendar year-end can file for an IPO using a September 2020 balance sheet.

Landcadia and Graf History

Landcadia Holdings IV filed for a $500 million IPO. As before, the shareholders are Tilman Fertitta and Jefferies. As before, they are seeking companies that operate in the consumer, dining, hospitality, entertainment and gaming industries.

  • Landcadia III just went public in October 2020 and raised $500 million in its IPO. Last month it agreed to buy The Hillman Group for $2.64 billion in a reverse takeover.
  • Landcadia II raised $275 million in May 2019 and acquired Golden Nugget Online Gaming (a Fertitta company) in December 2020.
  • Landcadia I raised $250 million in June 2016 and acquired Waitr in November 2018.

Graf Acquisition Corp II filed for a $225 million IPO, same as the first Graf IPO that was completed in October 2018. The CEO is James Graf. Graf I completed its reverse takeover of Velodyne Lidar in September 2020.

Popularity of SPACs

Special Purpose Acquisition Companies (SPACs) or blank check companies as they are also known, have really taken off in the past couple of years, mainly because of the disadvantages in the traditional IPO route where the process is long (6-7 months) and the valuation (i.e. price) at completion is uncertain.

Furthermore, the investment bankers like their IPOs to be heavily oversubscribed and for the share price to ‘pop’ on the first day of trading. But that means that the selling shareholders have effectively given up part of their returns to the new shareholders.

In contrast, a blank check company can go public in 2-3 months and then spend the next few months negotiating a deal in secret with a potential target company. In this way, both the original sponsor and the shareholders of the target can generate a better return.

S-1 Landcadia Holdings IV

S-1 Graf Acquisition Corp II